Thursday, December 3, 2015

Hooks with a History - Boye

I apologize in advance to those who were expecting a short post in consideration of the holiday season. Once I delved into the history of Boye, I knew I couldn't keep my promise. 

I should probably also apologize in advance for my repeated cheesy wordplay with the Boye company name. But Boye, I just can't help myself...

  Although I consider plain ol' aluminum Boye hooks to be everyday and quite uninteresting (no offense, Boye, I think that's just because I use them every day), my new "vintage" Boye hooks seem to have more than originally meets the eye. Let's begin with some history of the company itself:

crochet, vintage, crochet hooks

  First of all, Boye, they really got me! (Ha, ha...That's two already.) All this time, I thought they were just a knitting and crochet company! In fact, the Boye company began in 1906 with the introduction of a sewing caddy called the Rotary Case. That would be a clock-looking cabinet thingy that I don't even want to begin to understand because it has to do with sewing, so if you're interested, please go read this article. The authors were able to interest me in this sewing accessory even though I didn't want to be sucked into sewing history.

  So, getting back on track... After James H. Boye and a few of his unnamed associates started the company with this invention, they further expanded into the realm of torture. I mean sewing... They expanded in the sewing business with sewing machine parts and accessories. It wasn't until 1917 that they would put out the first line of Boye steel crochet hooks.

  This at least tells me that my Boye crochet hooks can't be any older than that. Now, how to put a date to each of them? My most-used set of hooks are brand-new-ish aluminum Boye hooks, purchased at a Wal-Mart. The first thing I noticed about these older Boye hooks is that the style of the trademark is different. That's where I started the rest of my research:

vintage, crochet hooks, Boye, trademark

  I came across a wonderful bit of the Boye history while having no further success in my searches. In this article, I was able to find the years that certain hooks were manufactured, along with some other really interesting information. But first, I had to find out what "crochet forks" are. (Hairpin lace looms.) Did you know that because of the shortage and need for steel, the government stopped the production of steel crochet hooks during World War II? I mean, sure, I learned about that in history class, but not specifically crochet hooks. Guess the thought never crossed my mind that it wasn't just machines and building materials that were scarce; needlework suffered, too. And that's where the history gets a little confusing to me...

  Nickel plating was stopped first on May 1, 1942, so (possibly) all steel crochet hooks from then to May of 1945 were finished with black oxide. But, all steel hook manufacturing was halted in August of '42. In April of 1944, two sizes of steel hooks were reinstated. And the ban on nickel plating was ended later in May of the next year. So, if I have this right, then black oxide hooks were only available for a few months before the ban on steel hooks, and for one year after. And since my Boye size 3 and G steels aren't black oxide, I can look farther ahead into the past for that.

vintage, crochet hooks, Boye, steel

  Now, to cross-reference the information I gained about the steel hooks with the changes in trademarks and other markings...

  To get the less-exciting news out of the way, the size 3 steel hook isn't very vintage. First of all, the print on the flats was changed to read "size/Boye/size" in 1925, so I was hopeful. But jumping right ahead, the trademark without the quotation marks wasn't used by the company until 1962. Although that means that it's ancient to me, this steel hook isn't truly an antique. This is a newer hook, possibly purchased by the generous soul that provided my mom with her first hooks, but probably by Mom herself.

Boye, steel, crochet hook

  On a related note, the colored size K and N hooks aren't truly vintage, either. The updated trademark along with the fact that size K wasn't introduced until 1956 tells me that these are newer. And... After a painfully long search through vintage hooks on ebay, I found a case... And bid on it... A set of Boye "Diana" crochet hooks packaged in a hard plastic case, and, if I remember correctly, a felt-covered or foam insert that held the hooks... Wait... What was that? How do I remember? Seeing the case struck a memory of watching Mom pull out this set of hooks every time she made a baby blanket for somebody. The colors matched all of the vintage ornaments she has for the Christmas tree, so in my little mind, it was always a bit like Christmas to see Mom's hooks. I know my mom stopped crocheting shortly after I started school, so it's been a long time since I've seen that set. I've discovered that the random size "J" hook I've been using belongs to that set... But where are the rest? Hmm... Mom never looses anything... Or takes it out of the case it belongs in... Grr, now that's driving me nuts! Where are they? I have asked; now it will probably drive her nuts, too. Alright, let's move on to something more interesting for everybody.

Diana, Boye, crochet hooks, aluminum

  The two aluminum G and J hooks with worn paint use a trademark from before 1962. The part that has me stumped is: I can't find any information for exactly when the flats read "MADE/size/U.S.A., with "Boye" alone on the opposite side. But Boye, oh Boye, I think it doesn't matter... I had to do some extra learning, but I think the proof is in the paint. The color of anodized aluminum doesn't chip, peel, or wear off. Since these hooks are showing considerable damage (especially that bent one), I believe they may be from before 1949, when the anodized aluminum hooks were first sold. However, I'm unsure if these are the lacquered aluminum hooks sold from 1932 to 1935, or the set of various colors released in 1949 prior to the anodized. The colors listed are "dubonnet, starlight blue, aqua, and silver". Did they sell a set of all different colors, the way hooks are sold now, or was each size available in each color? So, I'm still a bit stumped, but my gut is telling me that these could be the older lacquered hooks.

crochet hooks, vintage, Boye, lacquered aluminum

  For the coolest of the cool, and the most vintage of the vintage, let's get to that steel size G hook: It's vintage! Oh Boye, it's vintage... I was able to track down this assortment of hooks on Lace Buttons, where I found what it is: A nickel-plated steel rug hook! First introduced (along with size "I") in 1926. From there, I browsed many sources from Pinterest, eBay, Etsy, etc., but every one of them that has information says "made around the WWII era", and no actual date.

vintage, antique, crochet hook, Boye, steel rug hook

  What I learned from my original source is that G and I steel hooks were not manufactured between 1942 and 1947. There are a few rare black oxide-finished "G" and "I" hooks out there, but mine's not that uncommon. So, being harder to place, I can only figure that it is from between 1926 and 1942, or it was made sometime after 1947. I was unable to discover when these hooks were discontinued for good, but my gut tells me it was sometime around 1949, when the aluminum size "G" hook was introduced.

  Boye was the first company to sell a complete line of hooks that were made in America. And even if you have some Boye hooks that might not be "vintage", but they were made in the U.S.A., you have something that isn't being manufactured anymore. In 1989, the Boye Needle Company merged with Wrights, then Conso acquired Wrights in 2000. (

  I'm not sure at what point during that time hook manufacturing was moved to China. Although it's not stamped on their hooks, that's what it says on the packages my hooks came in. Boye hooks can still be purchased, but with a no-flair logo on one side and international hook sizes on the other. They still have similar Christmas-ball anodized colors and the classic tapered throats that every Boye user either loves or hates. But that "vintage" stamp of "U.S.A." is now a faded memory of the past, so hang on to 'em if you've got 'em.

Boye, crochet hooks, vintage, modern, made in U.S.A.

  And who knows? Maybe someday in the future, manufacturing will come back to the United Stated, and those of us who have these made-in-China/bought-at-Walmart hooks can call them a collector's item. Yeah, probably not. I won't hold my breath waiting for that to happen. But what I will hope for is that no matter where they were made, and by what company, somebody will cherish them because they were a part of Mom

Happy Crocheting!


  1. I enjoyed reading this. I love to crochet. It is an art I have been able to pass down to my granddaughters.

    1. Wonderful! I hope someday I'll be able to do the same. Glad to have you stop by!

  2. What an enjoyable read. I have many crochet hooks, some that were my grandmothers. I never thought about their history but loved learning about them. I need to check out my stash and see what I have.
    Thanks for the info,

    1. You're welcome, and thanks for stopping by, Bev! I bet you'll find some treasures in your grandmother's hooks!

  3. Enjoyed reading this. We went thrift store shopping for fun today. Lo and Behold at one I found a bag with 7 hooks for $2.99us so bought them.... 3 were "Boye" steel in excellent condition..2 G ones and 1 I hook....I never saw any like this in all the 60+ years I have been crocheting....also one for sure black oxide and one not sure of. looks like black oxide but most of the black is off. 2 are newer nothing great! HAPPY to see I have 3 new OLD hooks that seem to be pretty rare.

    1. Oh, what a great find! I couldn't be sure about that black oxide hook - I've never seen one with the finish worn off, but maybe it's a well-used hook! I love the mystery more than the history when it comes to old hooks... Who did it belong to? What did they hook up? That's the part we can only imagine.

  4. ^_^ Terrific article as I'm also trying to date Grandmother and Great-Grandmother's crochet hooks, and assorted knitting needles. Thank you for posting this. ^_^

    1. Thank you, Jessica!
      Oh no... (LOL) You just reminded me that I have knitting needles to do research on!
      I hope this helps point you in the right direction for your searching. It's such a treasure to have hand-me-down hooks! But for some brands/years, it can be a pain to find information on their history. I found the patent listings to be the most helpful for the oldest ones.

  5. Thanks for the info. I have Boye hooks with the price stamped on the flats too. Any idea what years that happened?

    1. I think it would be pretty easy to find out. What price is stamped on your hooks; are they aluminum or steel; what sizes?

      I only found pics of steel hooks with price stamps:
      But... I swear I've seen aluminum hooks with price stamps somewhere! The Lace Buttons website is a big help in getting started, but one of the other sites I was using to cross-reference information is now unavailable. :(
      Here on this page we can find the release date and prices for many of the Boye hooks:

  6. I have a Boye crochet hook marked 00Boye00 on one side and U.S.A. 10c on the other. (I can't find a character for cents anywhere.)


    1. So cool!
      Size 00 steel hooks were introduced in 1924 for 69¢ a dozen - But we know your hook is older than that because of the price stamp... Production was temporarily discontinued April 14, 1943 and reinstated the next year. Since the price of hooks went up to over $3 a dozen around 1950, I would think your hook is from between 1944-50.

      PS - You can type the ¢ symbol by holding down the ALT key and typing 0162 on the numeric keypad - It doesn't work for me if I use the numbers at the top of the keys. :)

  7. I have a very old hook. I'm trying to find what he it's from. It's is heavy and has no size of markings on it at all. as far as the color I would describe it as a dark greenish/brownish/gold hard to describe. Do you know anything about these hooks?

    1. Many antique hooks were made and never labeled. By the color you describe, I would think it could be made of copper or maybe brass. ("Greenish" makes me think it's copper.)
      From my favorite source, Lace Buttons, here's a few links to some solid metal, unmarked hooks:
      So many kinds were made! Having no markings makes it difficult to place without a picture.

  8. I have a few old Boye hooks that have a matte finish, instead of the smooth, polished finish, and cannot find anything about them anywhere. They are multi colors, red (I/9-5.50mm), orange/yellow (J/10-6.00mm), yellow/gold (I/9-5.50mm), and blue (E/4-3.50mm). They have the cursive Boye, with an underline, followed by USA on the flat, opposite side of the size. Any ideas?

    1. Although your hooks might not be considered antiques, I would still call them "vintage". Boye started using the underlined logo without quotation marks in 1962, and I believe they stopped using "USA" in 1989 when the company merged with Wrights.
      My older Boye hooks all have that matte finish look to them - I'm not sure if they were made that way, or if the colors lose their luster with time and use. Many of the links I used in my research are no longer available, so placing them to a specific set is difficult at this time... I do know the orange/yellow size J would match up to the Diana set which was sold sometime in the 1970's.
      Hope that helps a little, at least!


Comment moderation is now enabled because of those nasty spammers - Sorry!
Your comment will go through after you click "publish", but it won't be visible until approved.